Delaware Labor Laws Guide
Ultimate Delaware labor laws guide: minimum wage, overtime, break, leave, hiring, termination, and miscellaneous labor laws.
|Delaware Labor Laws FAQ|
|Delaware minimum wage||$10.50|
|Delaware overtime||1.5 times the regular wage for any time worked over 40 hours/week
($15.75 for minimum wage workers)
|Delaware breaks||30 minute meal breaks for every 7.5 hours worked a day|
Table of contents
Delaware wage laws
With regards to wages, Delaware has the following laws, regulations, and limitations.
|DELAWARE MINIMUM WAGE|
|Regular minimum wage||Tipped minimum wage||Subminimum wage|
Delaware minimum wage
On January 1st every calendar year, the minimum wage increases, due to the increase in the cost of living. Currently, Delaware's minimum wage is $10.50 per hour for adults, while employed minors earn $8.75 per hour.
Tipped minimum wage in Delaware
The current tipped Delaware minimum wage can be no less than $2.23 per hour, for occupations where employees can regularly earn more than $30 a month on tips.
Additionally, any tips or gratuities the employee earns with proof via a receipt or another deposit cannot be taken by the employer, unless state or federal law requires it.
Exceptions to the minimum wage in Delaware
Employees in the following sectors are not required to be paid the minimum wage:
- United States Government
- Executive and administrative
- Volunteer workers
- Domestic service
- Non-profit summer camp programs
- Department of Correction programs
- Outside commission paid sales
- Fishing and fish processing
Additionally, in accordance with FLSA, employers in Delaware are not required to pay minimum wage to:
- New employees under 20 years of age, due to their lack of work experience. They can pay employees a training wage of $4.25 per hour, but only for the first 90 days of their employment.
- Full-time students employed in a part-time occupation. They are eligible for 85% of Delaware minimum wage for part-time work (no more than 20 hours a week).
Delaware payment laws
In accordance with the Delaware Office of Labor Law, employers are required to pay wages to their employees on set days, at least once per month.
The payouts should happen within 7 days from the closing of the pay period during which the wages were earned. And if the payday falls on a non-working day, the payment must be made on the workday before it.
Delaware overtime laws
Overtime in Delaware is regulated by the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA).
According to the FLSA, any time over 40 weekly hours worked is considered overtime.
In accordance with this, employers are required to pay their employees 1.5 times their regular wage for any overtime work.
Overtime exceptions and exemptions in Delaware
The exceptions and exemptions for overtime in Delaware are the same as in all the other states regulated by the FLSA.
Employees with a minimum salary of $684 a week or $35.568 a year are exempt from getting overtime pay.
Everyone else earning below this threshold is eligible for overtime pay.
Delaware break laws
Let's now focus on break laws that apply in Delaware — and the exceptions to these laws.
According to the US Department of Labor, employers must provide a 30-minute meal break for every 7.5 hours of work per day.
The break should be used after the first 2 hours worked and before the last 2 hours worked.
Working minors are eligible for a 30-minute break for every 5 hours worked.
Exceptions to break laws in Delaware
Limitations to meal breaks can be imposed if:
- There is only one employee available for a particular duty,
- The employees need to be ready to respond to emergencies and unexpected tasks, or
- The occupations in question are those where a break during specific times could affect public safety.
Delaware breastfeeding laws
According to Delaware's Pregnant Workers Fairness Act, lactation breaks are mandatory, and provided in the following way:
- Employees get a designated nursing room (other than a bathroom).
- The lactation break time duration is per the employer's decision (and within reasonable boundaries), and should be available for up to 1 year after the child's birth.
- The nursing break time should be compensated, and not considered leave.
- The employee should have full privacy from coworkers and the public, and be free from intrusion.
Delaware leave requirements
With regards to required and non-required leave, Delaware has no specific regulations, which allows employers to set their own terms and benefits.
Meaning, each company/occupation will have their own rules, so we would advise employees to inform themselves during the application process.
Delaware required leave
Let's take a look at all the possibilities concerning required leave in Delaware.
In regards to sick leave in Delaware, state law says that employers aren't obligated to provide paid leave.
Should an employer choose to offer such benefits, they should be in line with the established policies of the company.
However, employers may be obligated to provide paid sick leave in situations where the Family and Medical Leave Act or other laws take priority.
Jury duty leave
An employer is not required to pay for an employee's leave for jury duty summons.
At the same time, they are not allowed to penalize or otherwise punish the employee for that time off.
Additionally, any fee the employee receives from the state for their jury duty summons cannot be counted as wages.
Voting time leave
An employer is not required to give employees paid or unpaid time off for voting.
However, an employer cannot prevent employees from using their accrued time off for voting or acting as an election officer.
The only exception is if the employee works in a critical need position: public safety, health care, transportation, etc.
Domestic violence or sexual assault leave
An employer is not obligated to provide paid or unpaid leave to employees who are victims of domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
They are, however, required by Delaware Domestic Violence, Sexual Violence and Stalking Policy to provide a safe environment and reasonable accommodations for the victims (unless it poses complications for the normal functioning of the business).
Emergency response leave
An employer is not obligated to provide paid leave for employees who are volunteer emergency responders.
However, they are also not allowed to retaliate or take disciplinary action against their employees for responding to a Governor-declared state of emergency or getting injured during it.
Organ and bone donation leave
For state employees, teachers, and school employees, employers are required to give up to 30 days of paid leave for organ donation, and up to 7 days for bone marrow donation.
An employer is required to approve military leave for the duration of their tour, and up to 90 days after the termination of the tour.
Like all other states in the US, Delaware acknowledges the federal Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA), where employers are required to allow employees to return to their jobs after military service.
Delaware non-required leave
Let's take a look at all the possibilities concerning non-required leave in Delaware.
An employer is not required to give employees bereavement leave, nor time off for attending a funeral. If an employer chooses to offer that benefit, it should comply with an established company policy.
In regards to paid vacation leave in Delaware, state law says that employers aren't obligated to provide paid leave.
Should an employer choose to offer such benefits, they should be in line with the established policies of the company. Furthermore:
- Employers can introduce a policy that denies payment for vacation leave when an employee leaves the company or is terminated.
- Employers can introduce a policy that disqualifies employees from using paid leave if they fail to comply with certain company requirements (giving a two-week notice, for example).
- Employers providing paid vacation leave are also allowed to include a policy stating that employees need to spend their paid leave days by a set date (to prevent greater accrual).
- Unless the company has a policy specifying payouts of vacation leave upon termination, employers are in no way legally obligated to provide them.
In case of private employers, there is no legal obligation for providing paid leave, nor to pay them premium pay for working holidays (unless it becomes overtime).
On the other hand, public office employees and educators in public schools are required to have off days on state recognized holidays.
Child labor laws in Delaware
When it comes to employment of minors, the rules are as follows:
- No child aged 14 or under is allowed to work.
- Minors under the age of 18 are required to have a work permit.
- Minors aged 16 and 17 are allowed to work, but not in hazardous jobs.
- During the school year, no minor under 16 years of age can work longer than 3 hours a day when school is in session, and 8 hours on non-school days.
- No minor under 16 years of age can work before 6 a.m. and after 9.30 p.m. on school days. On non-school days, they can work until 11 p.m.
- When school is out (or if the minor is not enrolled in any school), no minor under 16 years of age can work before 6 a.m. and after 11 p.m. on school days. They can work 8 hours a day to a total of 40 hours a week.
When it comes to child labor, the State of Delaware follows the Child Labor Act, and considers any person under the age of 18 a minor.
Every employer needs to obtain a written work permit in order to employ minors.
Delaware work permit exceptions for minors
Employers in Delaware are not required to have work permits for employed minors if:
- The work falls under industrial education provided by the State of Delaware or the United States, approved by a school board or other appropriate public authority.
- The work is non-hazardous and falls under probationary work by the Family Court.
- The work performed is in or about their private home or on a farm.
- The work is performed in a business owned by a parent or a legal guardian.
- The work consists of delivering newspapers.
- The minor performing hazardous work has graduated on said hazardous work by an accredited school.
- The work consists of non-hazardous tasks in any facility focusing on canning or preserving perishable fruits and vegetables.
With these being the general guidelines, let's take a look at specific limitations surrounding youth employment.
Labor laws for minors aged 14 and 15
Minors aged 14 and 15 are allowed to work a very limited number of hours.
They aren't allowed to work before 7 a.m. and after 7 p.m. when school is in session. But, from June 1st through Labor Day, they are allowed to work until 9 p.m.
They also aren't allowed to work for more than 4 hours on a school day, or 8 hours when school is not in session.
Minors aged 14 and 15 can work up to 18 hours on weeks when school is in session, or up to 40 hours when school is not in session.
They aren't allowed to work more than 6 days a week, and require a 30-minute break for every 5 consecutive hours worked.
Labor laws for minors aged 16 and 17
With employed minors aged 16 and 17, they cannot spend more than 12 hours per day on school and work hours combined.
They are obligated to at least 8 hours of leisure time (non-work and non-school) every day (24 hours), and require a 30-minute break for every consecutive 5 hours worked.
Prohibited occupations for minors
The Delaware Child Labor Law strictly prohibits certain employments for minors.
Generally, any occupation deemed by the United States Secretary of Labor to be hazardous for the minor's health, welfare, safety and morals.
Some of the more specific prohibited occupations specific to Delaware:
- Docks, wharves, and marinas that accomodate sale or service of pleasure boats,
- Distilleries, or any alcoholic beverage manufacturer,
- Manufacturing of dangerous or toxic chemicals,
- Occupations requiring handling of electrical wires,
- Employment at a telephone or messenger company requiring them to distribute, collect or transmit goods or messages in any town with a population over 20.000 people.
It is important to note that none of these occupation restrictions are applicable to a minor enrolled in an apprenticeship, or a work and study program where employment is considered vital to graduation, so long as it is supervised by the appropriate accredited authority.
Hiring laws in Delaware
Hiring laws in Delaware follow the same federal regulations as in the rest of the US (and described in the next section below).
The only addition specific to Delaware (and other similar states) is that the employer is not allowed to discriminate against a candidate if they are a part of a volunteer emergency responder team.
Termination laws in Delaware
Delaware is a state following employment-at-will. This means that employees with no written contract can be terminated for any reason at any moment.
The only caveat is that the termination cannot be considered legal if it's due to discrimination or retaliation against an employee.
Final paycheck in Delaware
As stipulated by the Delaware Department of Labor, employers are required to pay all final wages to employees by the next payday, regardless of the cause of termination.
Further information concerning hiring and termination processes can be found in the discrimination laws section below.
Discrimination laws in Delaware
Delaware follows a strict regulation prohibiting employment and termination discrimination on multiple grounds.
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission prohibits discrimination based on:
- Biological sex
- Race and national origin
- Age (applies to individuals between 40 and 70 years of age)
- Pregnancy, child or spousal support withholding
- Sexual orientation
- Gender and gender identity
- AIDS/HIV status
- Disability (mental, physical)
The State of Delaware also prohibits any discrimination and wrongful termination based on an employee's membership in a volunteer emergency responder organization.
Occupational safety in Delaware
In regards to workplace safety, Delaware has no state-regulated occupational safety and health program, but instead follows the federal Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA).
However, Delaware has a Department of Labor's OSHA Consultation Office, which provides free consultations and hazard assessment for small businesses (under 250 employees per facility, and 500 per company).
Miscellaneous Delaware labor laws
In this final section, we will go through some of the additional labor laws that are of public interest.
- Whistleblower protection laws
- Background check laws
- Employer use of social media regulations
- Employee monitoring law
- Drug and alcohol testing laws
- Sexual harassment training laws
- COBRA laws
- Expense reimbursement laws
- Record-keeping laws
Whistleblower protection laws
The Delaware Whistleblowers' Protection Act states that no employer is allowed to fire, threaten or discriminate against an employee if they:
- Are about to report (to an employer's supervisor or public body) a violation that has occurred or believe will occur, either verbally or in writing, UNLESS the employee knows or believes that the report is false.
- Are expected to take part in an investigation or hearing held by a public body in connection with a violation at the workplace.
- Are about to report an infraction or a noncompliance to either an employer's supervisor or a public body.
- Refuse to commit or assist in violation at the workplace.
Background check laws
With background checks, Delaware proves to be most strict when it comes to occupations in the health department, caregiving, and similar positions.
The Department of Health and Social Services (DHSS) should perform a complete criminal background check on candidates, including fingerprinting and requesting criminal history from the State Bureau of Identification (SBI) and Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).
Drug and alcohol testing laws
The State of Delaware Law also allows employers to request drug testing.
The State of Delaware has also made background checking more easily accessible through a single portal that aggregates all available information on a potential candidate — the Background Check Center (BCC).
However, for occupations other than the health department and caregiving, employers are not allowed to conduct or request background checks until the first interview has been completed.
Employer use of social media regulations
Delaware is one of a number of states in the US that regulates an employer's access to employees' personal social media sites.
According to this regulation, an employer is not allowed to:
- Ask an employee to disclose the username and password to their personal social media account.
- Access an employee's personal social media account in the presence of said employee.
- Use the employee's personal social media account and available information as a condition for employment.
- Add themselves (or another person) to the employee's list of contacts on their personal social media account.
- Change the settings on an employee's social media account to allow a third party to be able to view their account.
The only exceptions in these regulations are in case:
- An employee is being investigated for a violation or misconduct.
- The device used for the social media account, or the service itself are paid for in full or in part by the employer, and used for business purposes.
- The network used to access the social media account belongs to the employer, in which case the employer is allowed to monitor, review or block the employee from accessing it.
The Employee monitoring law
According to the Delaware Office of Labor Law, an employer is not allowed to intercept or monitor any phone calls, Internet traffic or electronic correspondences of his employees, without:
- Providing a daily notice every time employees access the network or use electronic and phone services, and
- Providing a one-time notice of monitoring to the employee, in writing, and requesting that they read and sign the notice if they agree.
In short, monitoring employees' electronic activity and correspondence without their knowledge is not allowed.
NOTE: These rules do not apply if:
- Law enforcement or a public body is investigating an employee due to a violation or infraction,
- Online activity monitoring is part of the company's daily tasks, like measuring the volume of email correspondences, or
- The online activity, phone calls and email correspondences are monitored for the purpose of computer system protection and maintenance.
Drug and alcohol testing laws
The State of Delaware has no comprehensive guidelines for drug and alcohol testing, giving employers full freedom to conduct them at their discretion. However, the few regulations that do exist include:
- School bus drivers and candidates applying to work at nursing homes and other caregiving institutions must go through drug testing.
- Registered medical marijuana users are protected by the state Medical Marijuana Act from being persecuted, discriminated against during hiring, or terminated due to their use of the substances. The same employees do need a valid registry identification card, and can possess no more than 6 ounces of medical marijuana.
Sexual harassment training laws
The State of delaware requires every employer with 50 or more employees provide sexual harrassment prevention training within 1 year of hiring, for every employee.
After that, all employees are required to go through the training again every two years.
Delaware follows the Federal Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA), but also has its own regulation called the “mini-COBRA”.
Since COBRA applies only to companies with 20 or more employees, small businesses are left without a regulation of their own.
Mini-COBRA provides this aid to business owners with under 20 employees.
Through it, former employees can continue to use health coverage through their former employer for 9 months after termination.
Expense reimbursement laws
The State of Delaware does not require employers to reimburse employees for travel expenses, but should compensate for the travel time.
In case an employer does not reimburse travel expenses, employees can file a claim to the IRS to treat it as a deduction.
The only exception to this law are injured employees. An employer's insurance company is required to pay for travel expenses at the rate of $0.40 per mile.
When it comes to record-keeping, Delaware follows the guidelines laid out by the FLSA.
Records kept for 1 year
According to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, employers are obligated to keep all records relating to employment for at least 1 year from the date of termination. Employers should also keep copies of every employee's I-9 form for at least one year.
The paperwork includes:
- Employee's full name,
- Their social security number,
- Date hired, rehired, or returned to work,
- Date employment ended and the reason(s) for separation from work,
- Amount of remuneration paid in each calendar quarter,
- Amount of remuneration paid each pay period, including the value of any remuneration in a form other than cash,
- Amount and date of any special payment, such as a bonus, gift, or prize, and
- Place in which services were performed.
Records kept for 2 years
Any documents relating to basic employment and earning, such as wages, timecards/timesheets, billing records, and any bonuses or deductions from pay.
Records kept for 3 years
Any documents concerning payroll records, agreements, bargaining agreements, sales and purchase records.
Records kept for over 4 years
Some records are required to be kept for more than 4 years:
- Records of job related injuries are kept for 5 years.
- Records of annual reports for benefit plans are kept for 6 years.
- Records of toxic substance exposure are kept for 30 years.
While some of these timeframes may sound strange, the reason behind record-keeping for so long is simple. Employers may need these documents when filing claims or sending records to the IRS.
We hope this Delaware labor law guide has been helpful. We advise you to make sure you've paid attention to the links we've provided, as most of them will lead you to the official government websites and other relevant information.
Please note that this guide was written in Q1 2022, so any changes in the labor laws that were included later than that may not be included in this Delaware labor laws guide.
We strongly advise you to consult with the appropriate institutions and/or certified representatives before acting on any legal matters.
Clockify is not responsible for any losses or risks incurred, should this guide be used without further guidance from legal or tax advisors.